Most people have heard the term “Hard Water”. But many people do not actually know what it means. In simple terms, it refers to the amount of dissolved minerals that may be in your water. While virtually any type of minerals may be present in water, it is usually the minerals of magnesium and calcium that people think of when they think of household Hard Water.
It should be noted that calcium and magnesium does not pose a health risk to those who ingest it. Yes, it may taste bad, but it is not poisonous. It is, however, very troublesome when it comes to build up on your plumbing fixtures. Hard can also cause soap and laundry detergent to behave poorly. It can also affect human hair after shampooing, with the results being less than acceptable to many people. Water may look neutral but is in fact an excellent solvent.
What Is Hard Water?
Hard water containing high levels of dissolved minerals like calcium is known as hard water, which can cause problem. It messes with home appliances such as water heaters / boilers, washing machines, dishwashers, radiators and kettles. We’ve all seen the mineral residue left in the bottom of a kettle after prolonged use and many of us have bought kettles with inbuilt ‘filters’ to keep this residue in the kettle and out of the water that pours from the spout.
Magnesium is the other most common dissolved mineral found in our tap water which along with Calcium builds up after the water comes into contact with water pipes. If this build-up is not removed periodically, it will clog pipes, interfere with water pressure and all too often cause appliances such as washing machines and boilers to stop functioning altogether.
Other than ‘fur’ in the bottom of a kettle, another early warning sign that hard water is prevalent is when you have to use a lot of soap or detergent to get a lather.
In the majority of homes, it is normally possible to install some sort of water filtration or softening system. Obviously the best place to install this is at the main water supply point. Other than this, it may be possible to put some sort of water softening compound into the main water tank.
The major cause of appliance breakdown is hard water, particularly the build-up of calcium residue. Water filters and anti-calcium compounds, for example the brand Calgon, can extend the life of washing machines and dishwashers. You should also consider installing an inexpensive filter on your main water heating unit or boiler.
Disadvantages of Hard Water
- Having hard water coming out of your pipes at home is quite annoying and very disturbing because of its numerous disadvantages; that is why many people today are looking to solve their hard water problem. Bear in mind that one of the most common problems of having hard water is in the shower because it dries your hair and skin.
- It can also cause dry skin even if you have just taken your bath; thereby compelling others, especially those beauty-conscious individuals, to use expensive skin moisteners and moisturizers.
- On top of that, another major problem of having hard tap water is the annoying build-up of mineral residues that clog up the water lines and water pipes in the long run; apart from causing some color changes on the bathroom walls and water outlets as a result of the accumulation of minerals.
- While there is no strict evidence of it, there are still several studies that seem to suggest that hard water might be damaging to our health in the long run. It seems that the harder it is, the easier men in particular can get cardiovascular disease. In addition, it might also be correlated to childhood eczema.
- There is no clear evidence of it being really harmful for our health; it truly is a nuisance to many, however. The reason is because it decreases the performance of various soaps and detergents, and it allows mineral build-up on all the fixtures it comes into contact with, which increases the need for faster maintenance than otherwise.
- There are still many other undesirable disadvantages that you will get if your tap water is hard. That is why it is best to do something about it, by converting the hard water into soft water.
Hard Water Issues in Different Countries
Roughly 80% of all sicknesses in creating nations are brought on by poor water and sanitation condition. It is basic for ladies and young ladies to need to walk a few kilometers consistently to bring water for their families. Once filled, water containers can weigh as much as 20 kg, in the most recent century, water use has extraordinarily outpaced the rate of populace development: individuals are utilizing more water than any other time in recent memory.
By 2025, up to 1.8 billion individuals could confront water scarcity. Water lack can take two structures: physical water shortage, or low amount of water, and monetary water shortage, or low nature of water.
Monetary water shortage applies to zones or societies that do not have the financial assets and/or human ability to put resources into water sources and take care of the nearby demand. Water is frequently just accessible to the individuals who can pay for it or those in political force; leaving a huge number of the world’s poorest without access.
Locales most influenced by this sort of lack are segments of Central and South America, Central Africa, India, and South East Asia. It is vital to highlight the qualification between these two types of shortage: water can be physically accessible; however the assets are not accessible to enhance it and appropriate it to the individuals who need it.
To delineate the sheer test of enhancing water quality: in India, 80% of the wellbeing issues originate from waterborne diseases. Part of this test incorporates tending to the contamination of the Ganges (Ganga) waterway, which is home to around 400 million people.
The stream gets about more than 1.3 billion liters of local waste, alongside 260 million liters of mechanical waste, keep running off from 6 million tons of manures and 9,000 tons of pesticides utilized as a part of farming, a large number of creature remains and a few hundred human cadavers discharged into the stream each day for otherworldly resurrection. 66% of this waste is discharged into the stream untreated.
Hard Water and Water Softening
Water softeners are systems that are normally used to soften water. These systems can be either salt less systems, salt systems or electromagnetic systems. One’s budget will dictate the type of system to be purchased. Electromagnetic systems and salt less system usually offer more benefits compared to salt based systems. These systems can be purchased in online shops and offline shops.
A Salt based system normally uses industrial manufactured salts to soften water. This system is a traditional system that was popular in the early years of the last century. The main advantage of this kind of system is that it is usually sold at very affordable prices in different outlets. To know the shops selling this system at very affordable prices online research should be done.
Online research should be done using popular search engines. Once a popular phrase or word is entered into a search engine box thousands of results will be produced within seconds. One should opt for results with high search engine rankings. Search results with high search engine rankings are the results that appear in the first two pages of search engine results.
Salt-less systems and electromagnetic systems are usually more efficient than salt based systems. These systems will cost much more than the salt based systems. The high costs of purchasing salt less system will be compensated in the long run when the homeowner experiences efficient service. Electromagnetic systems use magnets in filtration. Magnets have been found to be very effective in filtering out harmful particles and minerals.
Most salt less systems use chlorine in filtration. These systems are preferred by many because they are environmentally friendly. The use of salt in filtration can damage the environment in the long run. By avoiding the use of salt in filtration and instead using salt less substance like chlorine the environment will be saved from degradation.
Lastly, the good news is it can be treated fairly easily these days. Homeowners have a variety of options when it comes to getting rid of hard water and some of the best options fall under the category of water softeners.